You have a very early subversion if this dating back to the Golden Age with WW, where Steve Trevor was often the “damsel in distress, and saved by WW.
There were still anti-feminist uses with her in the Justice Society.
I think you find female characters given more agency and power as the feminist movement arose in the late 60’s early 70’s. And like feminism itself has had its ups and downs. However there are a few specific incarnations that have advanced women in comics, but let’s just stick with DC.
Talia Al Ghul: essentially figured out how to have Batman knock her up and effectively hid that fact for a decade. How much of this was Ra’s idea vs her own is debatable.
Lady Shiva: generally considered to be the most formidable hand to hand combatant in DC, surpassing even Batman.
Certainly in comics and animation, Black Canary, Huntress, Power Girl, Poison Ivy, Granny Goodness, & Big Barda can all hold their own against most of the heavy hitter males in DC.
Barbara Gordon in both her more modern incarnations of Oracle and Batgirl is highly independent and has no need of males to support or look out for her, often doing the inverse and saving male counterparts.
Batwoman is another character that is independent and in her case openly lesbian, which is a big step forward in terms of female character representation.
Supergirl is arguably the more paragon character than Superman, even dating back to her sacrifice to save Superman in Crisis on Infinite Earths.
People will argue about costume and poses being more overtly sexual, but this is just as often the case in other media as well. In some cases, Power Girl’s solo run for example actually leaned in to this for both comedic effect and using it as a mirror on how society still has views of women. But, as media will tell you, sex appeal sells. So what else is new?
Are things perfect when it comes to getting pure equality across the board, no. But, that is also a reflection of society as well.
Comics are a reflection of popular culture (including feminism) and feminism while still needing to make strides in the real world still needs to make strides in comics, but comics have changed with the culture as feminism has become more ingrained in that culture as well.